speech disorders

speech disorders
kalbos sutrikimai statusas T sritis švietimas apibrėžtis Dėl kurių nors priežasčių atsiradę kalbos patologiniai pakitimai. Juos galima grupuoti taip: 1) balso sutrikimai (silpnas balsas); 2) kalbėsenos sutrikimai (mikčiojimas ir kt.); 3) klausos aparato trūkumai (kurtumas, nebylumas); 4) kalbos padargų sutrikimai (šveplavimas); 5) kalbos sutrikimai dėl galvos traumų (afazija); 6) kalbos sutrikimai dėl paveldėtų ar anksti įgytų smegenų defektų (oligofrenija, alalija); 7) pavėluotas kalbos vystymasis (agramatizmas ir kt.). atitikmenys: angl. speech disorders vok. Sprachstörungen rus. растройства речи

Enciklopedinis edukologijos žodynas. 2007.

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  • Speech disorders — Disorders of the ability to produce normal speech. Speech disorders may affect articulation (phonetic or phonological disorders); fluency (stuttering or cluttering); and/or voice (tone, pitch, volume, or speed). Most speech disorders have their… …   Medical dictionary

  • Motor speech disorders — are a class of speech disorder that disturb the body s natural ability to speak. These disturbances vary in their etiology based on the integrity and integration of cognitive, neuromuscular, and musculoskeletal activities. Speaking is an act… …   Wikipedia

  • speech disorder — n. any conspicuous speech imperfection, or variation from accepted speech patterns, caused either by a physical defect in the speech organs or by a mental disorder, as aphasia, stuttering, etc. * * * ▪ medicine Introduction       any of the… …   Universalium

  • Speech-Language Pathology in School Settings — Speech language pathology is a fast growing profession that, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, offers about 96,000 jobs in the United States alone. It relates to many educational disciplines such as communication sciences, linguistics …   Wikipedia

  • Speech sound disorder — Speech sound disorders are speech disorders in which some speech sounds (called phonemes) in a child s (or, sometimes, an adult s) native language are either not produced, not produced correctly, or are not used correctly. General characteristics …   Wikipedia

  • Speech transmission index — Speech Transmission Index, short STI is a measure of speech transmission quality. The absolute measurement of speech intelligibility is a complex science. The STI measures some physical characteristics of a transmission channel (a room, electro… …   Wikipedia

  • speech clinic — n. a clinic for treating speech disorders …   English World dictionary

  • Речевые расстройства (speech disorders) — Речь считается нарушенной, когда она мешает общению, создает проблему для слушающего или служит причиной неспособности говорящего приспособиться к окружающей обстановке. P.p. подразделяют на четыре широких класса симптомов: а) расстройства ритма …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Speech disorder — Main article: Speech and language pathology Speech Disorder Classification and external resources ICD 10 F …   Wikipedia

  • Speech therapy — The treatment of speech and communication disorders. The approach used depends on the disorder. It may include physical exercises to strengthen the muscles used in speech (oral motor work), speech drills to improve clarity, or sound production… …   Medical dictionary

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